The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program is a Federal program that funds services for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Ryan White services are for those who cannot pay for the care they need. Ryan White helps cities, states, and other areas pay for the costs of HIV/AIDS care. It pays for care that is not covered by other programs like Medicaid and Medicare.

The Ryan White legislation is called the Ryan White Treatment Extension Act of 2009. The legislation was first passed in 1990 as the Ryan White CARE Act and amended/reauthorized in 1996, 2000, and 2006. The legislation spells out who is eligible for services and describes how the money can be used. Most Ryan White funds go to pay for medical and support services for PLWHA and their families. One goal is to get PLWHA into care early and help them stay there and remain healthy.

Part A funds go to local areas that have been hit hardest by the HIV epidemic. Part A funds may be used for HIV primary medical care and other medical-related and support services that are needed by PLWHA in order to stay in care and achieve quality medical outcomes. A limited amount of the money can be used for planning, managing and evaluating programs, and for supporting the work of the Planning Council.


The CEO is the person who officially receives the Ryan White Part A funds. The CEO is the Chief Elected Official (mayor) who is in charge of the major city (Newark) in the EMA. The CEO is responsible for making sure that all the rules about using Ryan White Part A funds are followed. The CEO usually picks an agency to manage the Part A grantor known as the grantee, which is the Ryan White Unit of the Newark Department of Child & Family Well-Being. The CEO establishes the Planning Council and appoints its members. The Ryan White Unit is responsible for the fiscal management, including the awarding and disbursement of funds to service providers.